Deprivation of Liberty
This paper presents an overview of the current state of Deprivation of Liberty in Juvenile Justice, including ongoing developments and alternatives to this practice proposed by the NACJJ. Within the context of the Article 37 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, and the UN Global Study on children deprived of liberty included in the UN General Assembly Resolution A/RES/69/157, the NACJJ seeks to promote the existence of a wide range of tailor-made alternative measures to detention, including the adequate use of prevention, diversion, community measures, educational measures, mentoring, and care-based measures with a therapeutic aim. As a conclusion, this report presents 10 recommendations which reflect the goal of the NACJJ to create a basis for a shared position on the objectives, standards and practices related to alternatives to detention in North America.
This report outlines the current state of affairs regarding Restorative Juvenile Justice, which include practices that promote a vision of justice based on participation, dialogue and reparation, rather than retribution. It touches upon the legislative framework, one of the key instruments in the promotion of restorative practices, the political framework, with the need for data collection, professional training, inter-agency cooperation and effective monitoring mechanisms, and ends with the current practice of Restorative Juvenile Justice, covering various methodologies and approaches. To conclude, this report presents 10 recommendations by the NACJJ for improving the implementation of Restorative Juvenile Justice in North America.